Questions About the COVID-19 Vaccine?


Malik Adi, Staff Writer

Questions About the COVID-19 Vaccine? 

   It’s finally 2021, and here’s what’s recent on the COVID-19 vaccines. That’s right, plural. As we know, the COVID-19 Pandemic has taken about 89 Million Lives, and immunity has arrived. Two United States based companies called Pfizer and Moderna had their scientists work around the clock for over a year, assessing the SARS-CoV-2 strand of Coronavirus until two were finally produced. Effective the vaccines will build immunity against the virus within your body, but they aren’t like your normal Influenza or Smallpox Vaccine. Traditionally, a weaker form of the virus or similar strand is injected into the body so immunity is built, this allows the body to combat the virus within you, however without risk. The new vaccines inject a “Blueprint” of the virus into your body. This is called an mRNA (nucleic-modified messenger/messenger ribonucleic acid). Essentially, only the spike protein (The infectious part of the virus) and other harmless components of the virus are injected. This allows your B-cells and T-cells to come in and protect your body. The mRNA is preferred over the traditional vaccine since the body is able to assess what’s harmful, and synthesize an agent to defend itself much quicker. For example, the COVID-19 vaccines require about only one day of the development of antibodies, while the Influenza vaccine takes about 2-3 days. 

Moderna Vaccine

     The Moderna Vaccine is an mRNA based vaccine synthesized to combat the SARS-CoV-2 strain of Coronavirus, and has been proven to be 94.1% effective against it. Moderna assists in the development of antibodies within the patient, and grants immunity for about 60 days prior to the injection. The vaccine was approved on December 18, 2020, and will be used to save millions of lives.

Pfizer Vaccine

     The Pfizer Vaccine is also an mRNA based vaccine that was synthesized to protect patients against the harmful symptoms from the SARS-CoV-2 strain of Coronavirus. Approved by the EUA Act, on December 11, 2020 the United States approved the Pfizer Vaccine for emergency use. Using the spike protein, the body can synthesize antibodies to combat the viral agent in case of contact with the actual virus. This vaccine will also be used to save millions of lives.

In what order is the vaccine acquired?

     The vaccine at the moment is being given to first responders and medical workers, for they are constantly coming in contact with the virus. Second, the elderly in senior homes as well as people who are at risk (auto-immune diseases) receive the virus for it may be extremely fatal to them. After, the virus will be given to essential workers and people who run communities. Finally, the vaccine is then given to the general public and people who wish to prevent the spread of the virus. The general public is estimated to receive the vaccine late 2021 and early 2022. 

Are Some People unable to receive the vaccine?

     Sadly, there are some people who are unable to receive both the Pfizer and Moderna SARS-CoV-2 nucleic modified messenger/messenger nucleic acid due to a chemical present in the chemical composition of the vaccines called polyethylene glycol. People with an allergy to this chemical are unable to receive the vaccine due to the fact that their immune system wouldn’t allow them to survive the process.